According the research by the Lancet, countries and cities are showing a significant response to the growing threat that global warming poses.
The Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change, a comprehensive yearly analysis tracking progress across 41 indicators demonstrating what action needs to be taken in order to meet the Paris Agreement’s targets, has released their study on the reactions of countries and cities towards climate change.
The project is a collaboration between 120 experts from 35 institutions. The research has shown that half of the countries and 68% of the cities involved in the report have taken action to reduce the risk that climate change poses, concerns for the impact of climate change on public health appears to be the key motivator for these actions.
Senior Lecturer and research lead, Dr Karyn Morrissey said: “It’s great to be able to report that countries and cities are taking action to reduce climate change and recognise it’s impact on human health. The report shows the severe negative health impacts, worsening crop failures and extreme weather events that face the next generation if we carry on with ‘business-as-usual’. However, this is only the early stages of what is a difficult problem to tackle and much more effort is needed if we are to meet the targets of the Paris Agreement.”
Professor Hugh Montgomery, Co-Chair of The Lancet Countdown and Director of the Institute for Human Health and Performance at University College London said: “This year, the accelerating impacts of climate change have become clearer than ever. The highest recorded temperatures in Western Europe and wildfires in Siberia, Queensland, and California triggered asthma, respiratory infections and heat stroke. Sea levels are now rising at an ever concerning rate. Our children recognise this Climate Emergency and demand action to protect them. We must listen, and respond.”
For the world to meet the climate change goals of the Paris Agreement the energy landscape will have to change drastically in the next few years. A 7.4% year-on-year reduction of fossil CO2 emissions from 2019 to 2050 will limit global warming’s effects.