The World Health Organization (WHO) has released the latest cancer data from GLOBOCAN which shows that the global cancer burden has increased in 2018.
What does the latest cancer data show?
The global cancer burden has increased, based on estimates of incidence and mortality in 185 countries across the world for 36 types of cancer.
The data shows that:
- Approximately 18.1 million new cases in 2018
- 9.6m deaths in 2018
- One in five men, and one in six women, develop cancer worldwide
- One in eight men, and 1 in 11 women die from cancer worldwide
- Approximately 2.1m new cases of lung cancer and female breast cancer, the most prevalent types of cancer, have been diagnosed.
Why has the global cancer burden increased?
The global cancer burden increase is caused by factors such as population growth, an ageing population, and the changing prevalence of cancer types linked to socio-economic development.
GLOBOCAN note that the prevalence of cancer types in rapidly growing economies has shifted. Instead of cancer types which relate to poverty and infections, more people are developing cancers associated with industrialised lifestyles.
There has also been a worrying increase in lung cancer in women. The highest incidence rates of lung cancer in women are seen in Hungary, Denmark, the Netherlands, North America, China, Australia, and New Zealand.
How can this be addressed?
The director of the WHO’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Dr Christopher Wild, said: “These new figures highlight that much remains to be done to address the alarming rise in the cancer burden globally and that prevention has a key role to play…efficient prevention and early detection policies must be implemented urgently to complement treatments in order to control this devastating disease across the world.”