A publication has been launched by European ocean experts to give governments independent advice on marine science for sustainable development to 2030 and beyond.
The publication, titled Navigating the Future V (NFV) will give governments robust advice on the marine science needed for the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030). The launch took place during EurOCEAN2019, the European Marine Board conference in Paris.
The agenda for marine research
The report recommends a solution-approach to the marine science agenda, with sustainability at its core. The researchers suggest it should address the following gaps in knowledge:
• “The four-dimensional ocean i.e. a three-dimensional volume that changes over space and time. An interdisciplinary research program on ocean connectivity is needed including more knowledge of the functional links that connect the components of the marine system, i.e. physics, chemistry, biology, geology, ecology and humans”
• “The impact of multiple stressors (e.g. climate change, pollution, overfishing) on the functioning of marine ecosystems, their interactions, evolution and adaptation over time, and the ecosystem services they provide”
• “Climate-related extreme events and geohazards including marine heat waves, storm surges, meteotsunamis and submarine earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions and their associated tsunamis. We need to better understand their characteristics, probability, impacts and potential changes under climate change. An early-warning system for these events that will include enhanced observations, modelling and forecasting is a priority”
• “Ocean technologies, modelling, data and artificial intelligence needed for sustainable ocean observations to understand, predict and manage human impacts on the ocean. A key action includes the development of a business model ensuring the long-term economic sustainability of ocean observations”
• “A new generation of sustainability scientists needs to be trained to focus on a holistic vision of the marine ecosystem. We also need to establish a sustainability forum within Europe bringing together all actors including industry and civil society.”