The world’s first metallurgical furnace for man-made waste recycling has been piloted in Russia.
The metallurgical furnace in Russia is capable of man-made waste recycling including iron-containing industrial waste as well as solids.
The furnace has been designed and built by the NUST MISIS group and their industrial partner Vtoraluminprodukt.
The problem of man-made waste in Russia
According to the latest research, over 130bn tons of waste has been accumulated in Russia. This is equivalent to 800 tons, or twenty full cars, per person.
Additionally, there is more than 5 million tons of iron-containing industrial waste annually.
This man-made waste is stored at landfills and is not being recycled because it is technologically or economically impossible and environmentally dangerous.
Is it environmentally friendly?
Nikolay Shenchenko, a member of the Expert Mining Committee of the State Duma of the Russian Federation for industry and innovation, and the CEO of Resmet, commented: “The advantage of this technology is that it is non-waste and allows for simple, reliable and environmentally friendly purifying of the exhaust gases. And it also allows to combine the processing of metallurgical waste, coal preparation factories and municipal waste of enterprises or settlements that are heated with coal. So, it is a sort of a universal technology.”
Gennadiy Podgorodetskiy, the developer, added: “At the request of the customer, the slag composition can be selected for further processing into slag stone products, thermal insulation slag, serve as the basis for the production of cement clinker, etc. Due to the unique design of the unit, energy costs can be brought to 500 kg of coal and 500 nm of oxygen per 1 ton of cast iron. As a result, we recycle industry waste, get cast iron, commercial slag and non-ferrous metal concentrate. There is no waste in our technology. The pilot sample is also designed to test the technology of waste-free gasification of numerous carbon-containing waste, including solid domestic waste.”