The European Commission’s Joint Research Centre has found that the European pulp and paper industry can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 62% compared to its 2015 levels.
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) has found that, even with increased production in the pulp and paper industry, it can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions along with a potential 14% reduction in energy consumption in comparison with 2015.
How the industry can reduce greenhouse gas emissions
The JRC has published a study on the potential for increasing energy efficiency in the pulp and paper industry and how it can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The projections were calculated by inputting the demand growth into a mode to analyse the cost-effectiveness of investing in emerging technologies. They tested this across twelve different pulp and paper products.
Can other industries benefit from this?
The JRC have said that biorefinery products can be used in pulp and paper mills to replace fossil fuels for light duty vehicles. The biorefinery products could also be used as raw materials in the chemical industry or as fertilizers. They estimate that in 2050, 270 petajoules of biofuels can be produced from these by-products. This figure equates to 1.8% of the current total energy consumption in the transport sector, and approximately 8.6% of the energy used as a raw material in the chemical industry.
This production would equal 1.8% of current final energy consumption in the transport sector, or around 8.6% of the energy used as raw material in the chemical industry.
The analysis of other energy efficient methods
There are other emerging technologies, for example microwave drying, supercritical CO2 or deep eutectic solvent, which were not analysed due to a lack of data on their economic and technical performances. However, an analysis of these or any other emerging technologies in the future may contribute to a further reduction in greenhouse gas emissions in the paper and pulp industry.