Science & Technology Issue 6

In edition 6 of Science and Technology the European research community have been greeted with the European Commission’s announcement of the two winning Future and Emerging Technology (FET) Flagship projects – Graphene and the Human Brain Project – which will each receive €1bn in funding over the next ten years, boosting the European science and technology base and acting as a catalyst for economic growth.

This issue also takes a special look into gender equality in research and development within Europe and how better equality can be achieved.

Is there gender equality in European research and development?

  • Science and Technology speaks to Professor Marja Makarow, former chief executive of the European Science Foundation and recently-appointed vice president for research at the Academy of Finland, about her experiences of gender equality during her career, in addition to how the (horizontal) structure of organisations can come to have an effect on the gender issue;
  • Dominique Ristori, DG of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC), on how gender equality in European science can be achieved; and
  • Dr Elizabeth Pollitzer, genSET director and organiser of the second European Gender Summit – a high-level platform for dialogue between scientists, policy makers and gender scholars on gender issues in science – describes the background to and the achievements of the event, with a view to the third summit, to take place in the USA.

How is antimicrobial resistance being dealt with in Europe?

  • Dr Danilo Lo Fo Wong, senior adviser on antimicrobial resistance at the World Health Organization’s Regional Office for Europe, outlines the increasing problem of resistance to antibiotics, its causes, its effects, and its possible solutions, including how, at both the policy and research level, Europe is fighting the problem; and
  • Professor Anthony Coates on how the combination of two antibiotics results in synergism and additional benefits, such as reducing resistance.

The Bioeconomy in Europe: is it developing?

  • Science and Technology covers the ‘Innovating for Sustainable Growth: a Bioeconomy for Europe’ event and looks at the opening address delivered by European Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science, Máire Geoghegan-Quinn and her announcement of a European Bioeconomy Observatory to track the developments of the EU’s bioeconomy industry; and
  • EuropaBio’s Joanna Dupont-Inglis discusses the role that industrial biotech has to play in the future of Europe’s bioeconomy.

How are projects changing Europe’s sustainability?

  • Beginning with an interview with co-founder and chief executive of development of the Eden Project, Sir Tim Smit, Science and Technology introduces a special feature on the of the highly ambitious and very successful initiative; and
  • Gaynor Coley, Eden’s chief executive of enterprise, speaks to Science and Technology about how her considerable experience as a chartered accountant has enabled her to play a fundamental role in the Eden project’s continued evolution, and how, moving forward, initiatives such as HOW2 will catalyse people to apply ideas of sustainability where they live, or in their business, or in their life.
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